章鱼彩票 下载-【ITALIANO】一个操练意大利语白话的笨办法（上）admin 2019-06-07 共220人围观 ，发现0个评论
Unit 1 Un nuovo inizio
-Hi Maria, I am Gianna.
-Hi, how are you?
-Good, and you?
-Good, long timeno see!
-yes, you areright. Listen, I have a important news.
-What is that?
-I don’t work inthe pharmacy any more.
-Really? Where areyou working now?
-in a travelagency.
-Ah, that is good.Are you happy?
-yes, I veryhappy. The colleagues are good, the director is gentle and cute……
-The office hour:the agency opens at 9 and close at 5.
-when you arrivehome?
-Ah, I am lucky:when I finish my work, I take the subway and after 20 minutes I am home.
- Bravo Gianna! Iam happy for you.
-Now I am workingin the travel agency.
-Ah, good, how isit?
-everything isalright, the colleagues, the director……
-How is time? Whenthe agency is open?
-At 9 and closedat 6. Then, I take the subway which is very close.
-when you arrivehome?
- Mah, after 20minutes.
How are you? I amgood. Today is a important day for me: I am waiting for the dinner withJennifer, an Amenrivan friend who I've known for some time. She is a verybeautiful girl: green eyes, blond hair. Unfortunately, she also brings herboyfriend, saverio, a medical student.
One thing I don’tknow: Why does Jennifer prefer a boy who still studies rather than a man likeme who already has a job?
Today is animportant day. We are waiting for a dinner with Saverio. He is a very handsomeboy: green eyes, brown hair, tall and intelligent. Unfortunately, he brings hisgirlfriend, Jennifer, a student of letters, a girl tall and blond.
But why Saverioprefer a girl like many others rather than a girl special as me? Maybe he isonly 15 years old.
-excuse me? How togo to the city center?
-To the citycenter? Eh…… take No.12 and get off after four or five stops.
-You arewelcome. You are foreigner, aren’t you?
-yes, I amAmerican, from Chicago.
-Chicago……and areyou working here?
-No, I am studyinghere. I have been here for two days.
-Then welcome. Iam Saverio.
-I am Jennifer,nice to meet you.
-Nice to meet you.Congratulations, you speak good Italian.
-Do you live closehere?
-yes, in Verdistreet.
-Really, me too.
-Then see yousoon!
-See you soon!Bye!
-Excuse me, do youknow where is the Alberti street_
-No, I don’t livehere, I am a foreigner.
-A foreigner?Congratulations. You have an all Italian pronunciation.
-If you allow me,where are you from?
-I am Swiss.
-Ah, are you inhlidays.
-Yes, but it isnot the first time I visit Italy.
-Ah, here it iswhy you speak Italian so well. Bye, miss.
-How is Gloria?Cutie.
-Yes, she is talland quite slim. She is also very nice.
-Is she blond orbrown?
-Brown and herhair is not long. Sha has blue eyes and the French nose.
-And what areFrench noses?
Unit 2 你怎样度过业余时刻
-Hello Eros! Weknow everything about your career, but a little about your private life. Forexample, what do you do in free time.
- Ehh,unfortunately, I don’t have many free time. To be honest, I ofte章鱼彩票 下载-【ITALIANO】一个操练意大利语白话的笨办法（上）n stay at home.When I can, I play football. Like many people know, I still play as an nationalsinger. Besides, sometimes I go out with the most intimate friend.
-And where di youdo when you go out?
-Mah, to eat or todrink something. Instead, when I don’t want to go out, my friend come to me: welisten to music or watch a little TV.
-And the weekend?What do you do?
-As you know Ilove nature very much and when I can I go to Como lake where I have a house. Ifsome friends come, we do some fieldtrip or go to fish. But most time I am ontour abroad. In last week, for example, I go to France and Spain for twoconcerts: one in Paris and one in Barcellona.
-Alessio, do youcome with us to the club tonight?
- Unfortunately, Ican’t, I have to study.
- Come on, todayis Friday!
-It’s not that I don’twant to, it is that I really can’t.
-what are youdoing tomorrow? Let’s going to the beach?
-ok, I would liketo. In this beautiful weather, I do not want to stay in the town.
-Carla, Tomorrowwe plan to go to the theater. Do you want to come?
-Of course, I havenot gone to the theater for a long time.
-Listen, what doyou think of going to Scala tonight? I have two tickets.
-I would like to,unfortunately I cant. My mother doesn’t feel good, and I want to stay with her.
Che ne dici di?
D’accordo !Perch no?
Una bella idea!
Mi dispiacere, ma non posso.?
Purtroppo non posso.
No, grazie, devo......
-Hi Carla, how are you?
-Hi Gianni, good, thank you and you?
-Good, listen, Saturday night I organize a little party in my house, do youcome?
-Saturdaynight……yes of course! It is just that I don’t know where you live.
- In Giottostreet.
-Giottostreet......where is it? in the city center?
-No, it is insuburbs, next to the stadium if you come by bus, take no. 60.
-Ah, the no.60. butis it a house or an apartment?
-An apartment onthe fifth floor.
-With elevator Ihope. And how is it?.
-It is comfortableand bright, with a large balcony
-Then, you arelucky. My apartment is small: bedroom, kitchen and bathroom. And to think thatI pay 400 euro for rent. You, pay a lot?
-650 euro permonth, but it is worth it. you see the palazzo is new and modern.
200 300 400 500600 700 800 900 1000 1900 2000 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th7th 8th 9th 10th
In Italy, the mostused means of transport are bus and tram, while in Rome, Milano, Napoli andGenova there is also metro. It is possible to buy tickets in the tabacconist’sand bar and with a tickets you can use more than one time. At some subwaystations, also at some bus stops, there are automatic vending macchines per thepurchase of tickets.
In general, thepassengers of bus and tram have to validate there tickets at the beginning ofthe course, while the machines per the validation of the tickets of subway arelocated at the station.
Many Italiansprefer to use cars istead of the public means. Therefore, in some big cities,the traffic is a serious problem. Because of many cars the air is not veryclean, and it is very har to find parking place. Fortunately, always morepeople prefer to use the motorbike and the bicycle for going to school, touniversity or to work. Finally, there are also taxi, an obviously moreexpensive medium.
Unit 3 写信与打电话
-Ugh, I have a lotto tell my family, but when they call them from the United States I havelessons and when I can call them they sleep.
- Why not write anemail?
-Quite right, butis there a internet point close here?
-Of course, rightnext to the Odeon.
-Perfect! Ah no,wait up, I also have another problem: I have to send some books to mygirlfriend.
-And why is aproblem
-Because I don’tknow what to do……where is the post office?
-Well, if theparcel is small, perhaps it is not necessary to go to the post office. You goto the tabaccheria, buy a big envelop, stamps, and then but all in a mailbox.
-An envelop? Idon’t know, there are four books.
-Then better apackage, at least I think. You have to go to the post office and askinformation.
-But where is it?
-the post office?It is close to Duomo, in Grazie street.
-Excuse me, whenthe train from Florence arrives?
-And when theIntercity to Milano leaves?
-You are welcome.
Mauro, do you knowwhen the banks close?
I am not sure, butI think at half past one.
And are they alsoopen in the afternoon?
I believe fromthree to five.
Excuse me, whencan I finen doctor Riotti?
In the morningfrom nine to thirteen.
He comes around 16and stay until 20.
Whose magazine isthis? Is it yours, Gino?
No, not mine, itis his.
Excuse me，Miss，do you know when the train leave?
In two minutes, Ithink.
Thank a lot.
You are welcome.
Giulia, could youbring me one of the two suitcase?
Sure, no problem.
You are welcome!
Here are the notesfor you exam.
In Italia, to make a urban or inturban call you need to dial the area code of the desired city first. The prefix of Milan is 02, of Rome is 06, of Bologna is 051 and so on.In order to call from abroad in Italiy you need to dial 0039, the prefix of thecity and the number of the d章鱼彩票 下载-【ITALIANO】一个操练意大利语白话的笨办法（上）esired person. Generally, in order not to disturb,an Italian avoids to call someone else’s home after 10 pm and before 8 am.
Italy is among thecountries with the highest percentage od mobile phones in the world. Almostevery Italian has a phone which they use very often. Moreover, they follow veryclosely all the new technologies related to telecommunication.
As in many othercountries, there are some useful number both for Italian cities and tourists.
Unita 4 在酒吧
Hello Lidia, howare you!
Not bad, thankyou, and you?
Good enough.Then……how did you spend your weekend?
Mah, nothingspecial, the usual things.
Come on, tell me.
Therefore……Saturdaywe went to the city center to do shopping with Ginna. Then we drunk coffee atAntico Caffe Greco and around 9 we went to eat a pizza with friends.
Yesterday,nothing, I went to a colleague of my. We had dinner and watched a film intelevision. Be’……it was not much fun I have to say. Anyway, I stay there untilmidnight. And you? What you have done good? Did you go out with the girls atthe end?
Yes, Saturdaynight we went to disco. We danced a lot and went back after 3.
Then you did notgo out yesterday……
Instead, yes. Inthe afternoon I went to Paola to watch TV. About 8, however, she had an idea ofgoing to the cinema and ……so we went out in a great hurry. Think that we enterthe room 1 minutes before the beginning of the film.
Come on! A intenseweekend, in short.
Well, yes, butalso fun.
What you did youdo on 12 December?
If I remembercorrectly, that day I arrived the university early and ……I immediately enteredinto the classroom.
Then……I returnedat 2, I went to the canteen as usual. ……Ah, no, before I talked with theprofessor Berti.
Then what did youdo?
I ate and went tothe bar to meet Nina, my girl friend. We drunk coffee and after about an hourand a half, that is around 4, we went to the dentist. Then I returned home.
And there? Whatdid he do?
Nothing special……Istudy a little bit late and also Nina. We ordered a pizza and we watched TV,
Then, whathappened after that?
Then……afterthat……we talked a little bit I went to my dorm at the end.
So, what shall wetake?
I don’t know……I ama little bit hungry. Excuse me, can we have the price list……t宝宝名字大全he menu?
Here you are.
Thank you, let’ssee……
I already knowwhat to take……I would like a cappuccino.
Ma how? The cappuccinoafter lunch?!
And today I had tohave lunch earlier, more than two hours ago. Claudio, have you decided？
But, I don’tknow……take sandwich. No, indeed, I want to take a croissant……waiter!
Therefore, acappuccino for her, a coffee macchiato for me and a bottle of mineralwater.Claudio, what you take at the end?
For me a paninowith raw ham and mozzarella cheese and a can of coca cola.
Agree, thank you.
Claudio, ehh……youare exactly a determined person.
A rest for many Italians,even short, at the bar is part of their daily program. They can go there forbreakfast in the morning with cappuccino and croissant, at the time of lunchper a sandwich, afternoon for a desert followed by a good coffee, otherwisenight to drink something with friends. The coffe doesn’t cost a lot and,usually, before ordering from the bar tender behind the counter we have to pay,that is we have to “go to the cashier” to collect or “print the receipt”.
the most welcomingand hospitable are the bar of the country, more than anything a meeting placefor people of all ages: they can also read magzines, discuss of politics and ofsport and play cards.
When the weatheris good it is even more enjoyable to go to the bar and sit at the tables insquare or just on the sidewalk to enjoy the delight of sun, read the newspaper,chat with a friend in front of a cup of coffee. The famous, for example, are thebars of the Square of San Marco at Venice, like the legendary Florian.
Just the square isa meeting place for hangout, a place where you talk, have fun, take a walk, eat an ice cream. Typical examples: TheSquare od Spana and The Navona Square in Rome and The Square od Duomo in Milan.
Italians with theword coffee almost always refer to the espresso, this （very）particularcoffee with its strong taste and aroma.
It all began in1901 when the Milanese invented a machine for the coffee bar that allowed toprepare the coffee in short time. In fact, the espresso (a name thatunderlines, precisely, the speed in preparation, but also in ... consumption)enters the Italian’s everyday life and become a symbol of Italia.
All the momentsare good for a coffee that we can drink macchiato (with very little milk);luogo (almost full cup, lighter flavor); ristretto (less water, strong flavor);freddo (with ghiaccio); corretto (with a little liquor). Also at home Italiansoften make breakfast with white coffee, hot milk and a little coffee.
Another Italianhot drink famous in the world is the cappuccino. It took its name from thecolour of clothes of the Cappuchin friars and in practice it is always anespresso plus milk froth. A tip: after lunch ask an espresso instead of acappuccino. For Italian, in fact, it is impossible to drink a cappuccino at theend of a meal, it goes good at breakfast. The espresso, on the other hand,drink at all time.
Unita 5 节日与游览
And for theChristmas, have you decided something?
No, not yet. You,instead?
We will have atrip this year. I have reserved everything, but Angela doesn’t know anythingyet!
Ah, what a nicesurprise! And where you will go?
So, we will leaveby plane on 22 December to Madrid and on 26 we will go by train to Portogallo,to Lisbon. Then on the New Year’s Eve we will be in Paris for another three days and we will be back onJanuary 4th with a high-speed train.
However! We willdo almost a tour of Europe. It will cost a lot I guess.
Eh, yes. Though,luckily, I have found an interesting offer on website of Trenitalia. And you,will you go somewhere?
We also at firstthought of going to Zurich for 2-3 days. But then Stefania decided to go toVenizia from her parents and will come back after New Year.
And the last year?
I do not know.Maybe they'll come to friends' houses, or we're going to celebrate somewherenice. We will see. Anyway, good parties and good travel!
Thank you, Aldo!Merry Christmas and happy new year to you!
Excuse me, Miss,this is the second class, right?
Yes, it is thesecond class.
Thanks a lot!
Excuse me, this isthe train to Florence, isn’t it?
Yes, Miss, it is.
When the nexttrain leave to Florence?
There will be theIntercity in 20 mins and the Eurostar at 4.
Then, a ticketsfor the Intercity.
No, only oneway.
with thesupplement……it is 21 euro and96 centesimi.
Attention! TheIntercity 703, for Florence-Bologna-Milano, is coming at platform 8 instead ofPlatform 12.
When will youleave for the Alps?
The morning on 23rd.
But dosen’t Teresawork that day?
yes, in fact, hewill leave when he has finished his shift.
David and Chiara,instead, will they leave with you?
No, They will comeafter Chiara's parents have come.(这一句不明白)
Got it. And whenyou will return?
Matteo and IMatteo and I will leaveon January 2nd.
All right. I'llcall you as soon as I'm back.
Natale: The children arewaiting. Santa Claus that bring the gifts, together with the adults decoratethe Christmas tree and make the crib. The stuffed turkey, the roast chicken orother regional specialties, the sparkling wine and, finally, panettone andpandoro are found on almost all Italian tables.
Epifania: on 6 January thechildren hang up stockings at the fireplace for the Befana, a little girl whobrings sweets and gifts to good children and charcoal to bad ones.
Carnevale: at Carnival,everyone masquerades, dances and celebrates. famous throughout the world forits beautiful costumes and masks, and the Varnival of Venice. The one inViareggio is also very well known.
Pasqua: the catholiceaster always falls on Sunday, between March 22nd and April 25th. Children receive the chocolate egg that hides a surprise."Natale con i tuoi ,Pasqua con chi vuoi" dice un proverbio italiano.
25 aprile: is anational holiday for Italians, the anniversary of the end of the Second WorldWar (1945). On June 2, however, we comemerate the birth of the ItalianRepublic.
Ferragosto: onAugust 15, during the summer holidays, the ascent to heaven of the Virgin Maryis celebrated.
All in all, thereare many popular festivals: the Palio of Siena and that of Asti, the RegataStorica of Venezia, the Giostra of Saracino and Arezzo ecc.
The Italianstravel often by train for both short and long distances. the railway network
Italian covers thewhole national territory and the quality of the offered services is high. Thereare trains and services for every demand.
Trains for thelocal transport: the Local or Regional connects small cities within the sameregion, stops in all stations and offers place of only 2 class. the Directmakes fewer stops than the regional. Finally, the Interregional connects citiesof nearby regions and makes even fewer stop.
L’Intercity: L'Intercity, e il piu moderno Intercity Plus, sono treni moltoveloci, coprono tutto il territorio e offrono un alto livello di comodit. sifermano solo nelle principali citt.
L’Eurostar (ES) isa very modern train that offers another standard pf comfort and speed.Travelling at 150 km per hour, connectsthe most important cities and offer alsorestaurant services. The ticket include the ticket includes seat reservation,in 1 or 2 class. In addition, there are the high’speed trains: they are evenfaster, more luxurious and, obviously more expensive. Created by the famousdesigner Giugiaro, they travel on some lines at over 300 km per hour andconnect the large cities in very short times.
There are manyfacilities for those who often use the train: young people, elderly people,tourists, schools, Eurostar passengers, etc.
What is it：
is an activepurchase method on all Eurostar, Intercity and Intercity Plus trains, both in1st and 2nd class, which allows you to get on board without having to pick upthe ticket.
you canconveniently buy on the Internet or by phone - up to 10 minutes before thetrain departs - eliminating waiting times for collection at the self-service orfor buying at the counter.
Where to buy:
By credit card onthe site and at the Trenitalia Call Center.
for onlinepurchases: you will receive an e-mail confirming the purchase with all theinformation relating to the carriage and the seats assigned. once on the trainit will be sufficient to supply the code received to the staff of Onboard whowill print the ticket.
Unita 6 在外面吃饭
Elena! Why you arestill here? Don't you go out tonight?
No, Mum, tonight Istay at home.
Strange, didsomething happened?
Nothing, I had afight with Carla and I didn't want to go anywhere.
Yes, exactly withher. My章鱼彩票 下载-【ITALIANO】一个操练意大利语白话的笨办法（上） friend of heart.
But why? Whathappened?
It happened thatyesterday she went to have dinner with Franco.
Franco is myboyfriend!
and this Franco,what does he say about this whole story?
That he is free todo what he want to: see his friends or friends without asking my permission.
And what have youanswered?
That like he isfree I am free too and in fact I have already called his best friend: tomorrowwe are going out for dinner!!!
1 Prosciutto di Parma (帕尔玛火腿)
2 Bruschetta 意式特征面包（沙拉放在烤意大利面包片上）
3 Antipasto misto 混合很开胃菜
4 Salmone affumicato 烟熏三文鱼
1 Spaghetti al rag 意大利肉酱面
2 Spaghetti alla carbonara 芝士培根意大利面
3 Penne all'arrabiata 意大利管面伴辣味番茄汁
4 Farfalle ai quattro formaggi 四款奶酪蝴蝶面
5 Lasagna alla bolognese 肉酱千层面
6 Tortellini al formaggio 奶酪饺子
7 Fettuccine ai fughi 蘑菇意大利宽面
8 Rigatoni al sugo 酱汁管面
9 Linguine al pesto 奶油青酱意面
10 Risotto ai frutti di mare 意大利海鲜烩饭
1 bistecca ai ferri, grilled steek
2 Pollo all’aglio, Garlic chicken
3 Scaloppine ai funghi 蘑菇扇贝
4 Involtini alla romana 罗马卷
5 Vitello 小牛肉
6 Maialino al forno baked pig
7 Filetto，fillet steak
Contorni side dish：
1 Insalata mista 什锦沙拉
2 Insalata verde 绿色沙拉
3 Insalata Caprese 卡布里风味沙拉
1 Margherita 玛格丽塔披萨
2 Marinara 海鲜披萨
3 Napollenata 那坡里披萨
5 Siciliana 西西里披萨
6 Funghi 蘑菇披萨
7 Prosciuto 火腿披萨
8 Stagioni 四季披萨
1 Panna cotta 意式奶冻
2 Creme Caramel 焦糖布丁
3 Torta di mele 苹果派
4 Frutta fresca di stagione 新鲜时令生果
1 Chianti 基安蒂红葡萄酒
2 Orvieto 奥维多白葡萄酒
3 Lambrusco 兰林思葡萄酒
4 Sangiovese 桑娇维塞红葡萄酒
5 Barolo 巴罗洛葡萄酒
6 Pinot Grigio 灰皮诺白葡萄酒
2 Acqua minerale
3 Nastro Azzuro Blue Ribbon
4 Peroni 佩罗妮啤酒
I am a bit hungry,let's have a snack？
But it isearly……in on hour and a half there is a lunch braek. Did you not havebreakfast?
I never eatanything in the morning. Since I'm always in a hurry, I drink coffee at themost.
It is not good foryou. It needs a few minutes for having breakfast and it is the most importantmeal of the day. I always drink latte and eat rusks with butter and honey, soat lunch I am not very hungry.
Really? Yesterdayyou took first, second, side dishes and desert……
It is true, butlater I had nothing in dinner. Anyway, I usually prefer a light dinner: a slad,some fruit……things that take me little to prepare.
I, in general, ifI eat a lot at lunch, I always jump the dinner. I have a snack around six inthe afternoon and I'm fine.
I, in any case, Itry to have dinner soon, not after eight. and you?
Me too, more orless at that time there.
Italiansappreciate good food, they love both cooking and eating, drinking wine andtalking with relatives and friends at table, especially on Sundays. Thanks toregional cuisines there are plenty of dishes. In fact, all the peoples who havedeparted from Italy (French, Spanish, Arab, Austrian etc.) have left theirrecipes and their flavors. Today Italian cuisine is famous throughout theworld. Everywhere there are pizzerias and Italian restaurants and manyproducts, like the Prosciutto di Parma e il Parmigiano Reggiano, they areexported to many countries.
Back to1292,according to legend, Marco Polo brought spaghetti from China. But a type oflasagna, called "lagana" was already known to the Etrurians and theRomans, then forgotten in the Middle Ages. Most likely it is the Arabs whointroduce pasta into Sicilian cuisine around 1100. The Sicilians have been, infact, for centuries real masters in cooking pasta that soon spread throughoutItaly and the world.
The history of pizza:
In the kitchen ofthe Egyptians, the Etruscans and the Romans there is already a kind offocaccia, a sort of round and thin bread. In the Renaissance it serves as adish for or poor, who eat it at the end of the meal. In the eighteenth centuryits flavor is enriched by the tomato that comes from America: only then andappreciated even by the richest classes.
How to cook spaghettiof bacon and eggs:
Ingredients for 4persons: 320g spaghetti, 200g bacon, 4 eggs, 80g Grated Parmigiano Reggiano,extra virgin olive oil, salt, peper.
1 Cut the pancettainto cubes and brown them in an aluminum pan with a little oil. after a fewminutes add a little water and cook over moderate heat for another 10 minutes.
2 Beat the wholeeggs in a dish together with the Parmesan and pepper
3 Add the beateneggs with the cheese, mix well and serve hot.
4 Cook thespaghetti, drain it al dente and mix it with the sauce still in the pan.